Remarks on the Censures of the Government of the United States:Contained in the Ninth Chapter of a Book, Entitled, Europe: Or a General Survey of the Present Situation of the Principal Powers, With Conjectures on Their Future Prospects, By a Citizen of Christopher Gore
Hearings on S. Res; 301, Vol. 1:Hearings Before a Select Committee to Study Censure Charges, United States Senate, Eighty-Third Congress, Second Session Pursuant to the Order on S. Res, 301 and Amendments, A Resolution to Censure the Senator From Wiscons United States Congress
Excerpt from In the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit: The British Ship ´´Celtic Chief´´, Her Tackle, Etc., And John Henry, Master and Claimant Thereof, Appellants, Vs. Inter Island Steam Navigation Company, Limited (an Hawaiian Corporation) These are appeals from three separate decrees ren dered by the District Court for the Territory of Hawan awarding amounts aggregating for the salvage of the British Ship Celtic Chief, her cargo and freight money. This amount is made up as follows: To the Inter Island Steam Navigation Company, for salvage proper and for special expenses); to the Miller Salvage Company, for salvage and for expenses), and to the Matson Navigation Company, (viii, 3376 The three cases gave rise to an extraordinary record containing 3419 prmted pages (despite numerous omissions made by appellant under Rule and costing over for type writing and printing. We believe we may safely say that such a record is wholly unprecedented in admir alty cases and deserves censure and condemnation at the hands of this court. Appellants, however, are not responsible for the Size of the record Since their testimony only covers 285 pages´, as against 1283 pages of testimony for the lmiller Salvage Company, and 1573 pages for the Inter Island Company and the Matson Company. We believe that the court will very soon see that all three cases were very sim ple salvage cases and that the bulk Of the testimony was cumulative, unnecessary and largely immaterial, but the appellants had no´recourse but to print prac tically the whole of it. Appellants appreciate that the burden Of reading this record is; a considerable one, but they also believe that the cases are so Simple that the court will have to read comparativelylittle. They feel that the awards in question are so clearly unjust and excessive (even on the lower court´s own findings) that they are not to be criticized for incurring the enormous expense entailed in bring ing up the cases. If appellants are right in this belief and, as a consequence, the appellees are forced to pay very heavy costs, which diminish even their just claims, they have only themselves to blame and the burden of paying for the record will rest on the parties who made it up. Perhaps it will also tend to reduce the volume of such records in the future. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
From ´´one of the most wide-ranging and imaginative historians in America today; there is no one else quite like him in the profession´´ (Gordon S. Wood)-a dazzling and original work of history. A. Roger Ekirch´s American Sanctuary begins in 1797 with the bloodiest mutiny ever suffered by the Royal Navy-on the British frigate HMS Hermione, four thousand miles from England´s shores, off the western coast of Puerto Rico. In the midst of the most storied epoch in British seafaring history, the mutiny struck at the very heart of military authority and at Britain´s hierarchical social order. Revolution was in the air: America had won its War of Independence, the French Revolution was still unfolding, and a ferocious rebellion loomed in Ireland, with countless dissidents already arrested. Most of the Hermione mutineers had scattered throughout the North Atlantic; one of them, Jonathan Robbins, had made his way to American shores, and the British were asking for his extradition. Robbins let it be known that he was an American citizen from Danbury, Connecticut, and that he had been impressed into service by the British. John Adams, the Federalist successor to Washington as president, in one of the most catastrophic blunders of his administration, sanctioned Robbins´s extradition, according to the terms of the Jay Treaty of 1794. Convicted of murder and piracy by a court-martial in Jamaica, Robbins was sentenced by the British to death, hauled up on the fore yardarm of the frigate Acasta, blindfolded with his hands tied behind his back, and hanged. Adams´s miscalculation ignited a political firestorm, only to be fanned by news of Robbins´s execution without his constitutional rights of due process and trial by jury. Thomas Jefferson, then vice president and leader of the emergent Republican Party, said, ´´No one circumstance since the establishment of our government has affected the popular mind more.´´ Congressional Republicans tried to censure Adams, and the Federalist majority, in a bitter blow to the president, were unable to muster a vote of confidence condoning Robbins´s surrender. American Sanctuary brilliantly lays out in full detail the story of how the Robbins affair and the presidential campaign of 1800 inflamed the new nation and set in motion a constitutional crisis, resulting in Adams´s defeat and Jefferson´s election as the third president of the United States. Ekirch writes that the aftershocks of Robbins´s martyrdom helped to shape the infant republic´s identity in the way Americans envisioned themselves. We see how the Hermione crisis led directly to the country´s historic decision to grant political asylum to refugees from foreign governments-a major achievement in fulfilling the resonant promise of American independence, as voiced by Tom Paine, to provide ´´an asylum for mankind